Recent Literature

The goal of the medical education literature review is to highlight important and relevant articles which we hope educate and enrich our members. The articles are curated quarterly by members of the AUPO Directors of Medical Student Education Council Literature Review Committee.

Perceptions of a Virtual Interview Exercise for Ophthalmology Residency Applicants

Bilal Ahmed; Victoria Ly; Ankur Parikh; Arjun Watane; Sanah Aslam; Anjalee Choudhury; Benjamin Lin; Yoshihiro Yonekawa; Jayanth Sridhar
Feb 2021


The Impact of Away Rotations on the Ophthalmology Residency Match

Hanna L. Tso; Jason Young; Charline S. Boente; Chi Wah Yung
Jan 2021


Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Ophthalmology Medical Student Teaching: Educational Innovations, Challenges, and Future Directions

Tony Succar, PhD, MSc Med(Ophth Sc); Andrew G. Lee, MD
Jan 2022

Graduate medical education (GME) in ophthalmology has faced and overcome many challenges over the past years, and 2020 has been a game-changer. Although the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus pandemic disrupted medical education globally, ophthalmic educators rapidly transformed their curricula to novel and effective virtual learning formats.

Planning for Happenstance: Helping Students Optimize Unexpected Career Developments

Michelle Vo, Gary Beck Dallaghan, Nicole Borges, Anne C Gill, Brian Good, Nathan Gollehon, Jay J Mehta, Boyd Richards, Rachel Richards, Erna Serelzic, Rebecca Tenney-Soeiro, Jason Winward, Dorene Balmer
February 2021

How to introduce medical students to the skills and attitudes necessary to deal with happenstance is the central theme of this article. Planned Happenstance Learning Theory is an important principle in professional development in medical education.

Geographic Trends in the Ophthalmology Residency Match: Influence of Program and Applicant Characteristics

Samuel A. Cohen, Suzann Pershing
January 2022

The article highlights the associations with residents training at the residency program affiliated with their medical school and/or within the same geographic region as their medical school. This can be helpful in advising our medical students on where to apply.

Impact of Artificial Intelligence on Medical Education in Ophthalmology

Nita G. Valikodath, Emily Cole, Daniel S.W. Ting, J. Peter Campbell, Louis R. Pasquale, Michael F. Chiang, and R. V. Paul Chan, on behalf of the American Academy of Ophthalmology Task Force on Artificial Intelligence
June 2021

The authors recognize the impact that AI will have on the practice of ophthalmology. Yet they acknowledge that many physicians are not knowledgeable about AI, especially the opportunities, potential pitfalls and the influence that it will have on daily practice. The authors review the current status of ophthalmology AI and give recommendations for designing an effective AI curriculum.

Innovations in Ophthalmology Education: a Particular Instantiation of General Principles

Phillip X. Braun, John Encandela and Ninani Kombo
November 2020

This paper reassesses the role of traditional lecture during dynamic times in medical education and in the context of the need for efficient education of medical students. The authors highlight the fact that students have access to many sources of information. They recommend incorporating extra institutional resources, micro lectures and lecturer training to optimize preclinical instruction in ophthalmology.

Twelve Tips for Teaching Ophthalmology in the Undergraduate Curriculum

Nisha Chadha and Holly Gooding
January 2021

This paper offers twelve recommendations for novel approaches to integrating ophthalmology content into the undergraduate medical school curriculum. Includes strategies that employ social media and online resources.

Advancing Ophthalmology Medical Student Education: International Insights and Strategies for Enhanced Teaching

Tony Succar PhD, MSc, Med (OphthSc); John Grigg MBBS, MD; Hilary A. Beaver MD; Andrew G. Lee MD
March 2020

Enhancing medical student education in ophthalmology can lead to improved eye health care delivery and patient outcomes across all primary care and specialty disciplines. There has been a resurgence of interest in delivering high-quality ophthalmic medical student education. This educational revival is both timely and topical. A general consensus has emerged that, rather than focusing solely on increasing teaching time, strategies are needed to focus on how to optimize the limited time allotted to ophthalmology.